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The Florida Department of Health reported that, in 2014, 176,007 people Floridians went to hospitals suffering from Traumatic Brain Injuries. Sadly, thousands more with significant head injuries never sought medical care.

Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) used to be referred to as concussions. The commonly held belief was that mild concussions were minor injuries, but today, medical experts know that even the slightest injury to the brain causes permanent damage.

Most people who suffer head injuries don’t recognize or even realize the symptoms of TBI. Many times, it’s the spouse or closest love one that notices something’s wrong with people suffering from TBI’s.

It is extremely important that anyone suspected of suffering any type of direct blows to the head or is struck by an airbag deployment in an auto accident receives immediate medical attention for an accurate diagnosis.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

The signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:
Physical symptoms

• Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to a few minutes;
• No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, confused or disoriented;
• Headache;
• Nausea or vomiting;
• Fatigue or drowsiness;
• Difficulty sleeping;
• Sleeping more than usual;
• Dizziness or loss of balance.

Sensory symptoms

• Sensory problems, such as blurred vision, ringing in the ears, a bad taste in the mouth or changes in the ability to smell;
• Sensitivity to light or sound.

Cognitive or mental symptoms

• Memory or concentration problems;
• Mood changes or mood swings;
• Feeling depressed or anxious.

Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury, as well as the following symptoms that may appear within the first hours to days after a head injury:

Physical symptoms

• Loss of consciousness from several minutes to hours
• Persistent headache or headache that worsens
• Repeated vomiting or nausea
• Convulsions or seizures
• Dilation of one or both pupils of the eyes
• Clear fluids draining from the nose or ears
• Inability to awaken from sleep
• Weakness or numbness in fingers and toes
• Loss of coordination

Cognitive or mental symptoms

• Profound confusion
• Agitation, combativeness or other unusual behavior
• Slurred speech
• Coma and other disorders of consciousness



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